Justice and Public Safety
In the current context, security is significantly influenced by a plethora of factors, from demographic change, global power shifts, climate change, resource scarcity to rapid urbanisation and technological advancements (PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2017). Under these circumstances, the law enforcement faces challenges, hence, solutions must be provided to continue to ensure justice and public safety.
In regard to the penitentiary system, there are some remarkable mentions. Norway is a great example of shifting the focus from punishment to rehabilitation leading to a decrease in reoffending rates. Rehabilitation reduces crime and can be cost effective, according to research. For instance, Norway’s reoffending rate is around 25% in five years, compared to UK with an approximate rate of 50% within a year (Adetunji, 2020).
Sources: Pricewaterhouse Coopers, Adetunji, J., 2020. Why rehabilitation – not harsher prison sentences – makes economic sense